GR Reference¶
Typedefs

typedef struct cpubasedvolume_2pass_priv cpubasedvolume_2pass_priv_t¶

typedef struct hexbin_2pass_priv hexbin_2pass_priv_t¶

typedef double (*kernel_f)(const data_point3d_t*, const void*, const point3d_t*, const point3d_t*)¶

typedef double (*radius_f)(const data_point3d_t*, const void*)¶
Enums

enum projection_type_t¶
Values:

enumerator GR_PROJECTION_DEFAULT¶

enumerator GR_PROJECTION_ORTHOGRAPHIC¶

enumerator GR_PROJECTION_PERSPECTIVE¶

enumerator GR_PROJECTION_DEFAULT¶

enum volume_border_calculation_t¶
Values:

enumerator GR_VOLUME_WITHOUT_BORDER¶

enumerator GR_VOLUME_WITH_BORDER¶

enumerator GR_VOLUME_WITHOUT_BORDER¶

enum volume_rendering_model_t¶
Values:

enumerator GR_VOLUME_EMISSION¶

enumerator GR_VOLUME_ABSORPTION¶

enumerator GR_VOLUME_MIP¶

enumerator GR_VOLUME_EMISSION¶

enum scale_option_t¶
Values:

enumerator GR_OPTION_X_LOG¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_Y_LOG¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_Z_LOG¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_FLIP_X¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_FLIP_Y¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_FLIP_Z¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_X_LOG2¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_Y_LOG2¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_Z_LOG2¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_X_LN¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_Y_LN¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_Z_LN¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_X_LOG¶

enum linespec_t¶
Values:

enumerator GR_SPEC_LINE¶

enumerator GR_SPEC_MARKER¶

enumerator GR_SPEC_COLOR¶

enumerator GR_SPEC_LINE¶

enum surface_option_t¶
Values:

enumerator GR_OPTION_LINES¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_MESH¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_FILLED_MESH¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_Z_SHADED_MESH¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_COLORED_MESH¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_CELL_ARRAY¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_SHADED_MESH¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_3D_MESH¶

enumerator GR_OPTION_LINES¶
Functions

void gr_initgr(void)¶

int gr_debug(void)¶

void gr_opengks(void)¶

void gr_closegks(void)¶

void gr_inqdspsize(double*, double*, int*, int*)¶
Get the current display size.
Depending on the current workstation type, the current display might be the primary screen (e.g. when using gksqt or GKSTerm) or a purely virtual display (e.g. when using Cairo). When a high DPI screen is used as the current display, width and height will be in logical pixels.
 Parameters:
mwidth – [out] Display width in meters
mheight – [out] Display height in meters
width – [out] Display width in pixels
height – [out] Display height in pixels

void gr_openws(int, char*, int)¶
Open a graphical workstation.
Available workstation types:
Type
Description
5
Workstation Independent Segment Storage
41
Windows GDI
61  64
PostScript (b/w, color)
101, 102
Portable Document Format (plain, compressed)
210  213
X Windows
214
Sun Raster file (RF)
215, 218
Graphics Interchange Format (GIF87, GIF89)
216
Motif User Interface Language (UIL)
320
Windows Bitmap (BMP)
321
JPEG image file
322
Portable Network Graphics file (PNG)
323
Tagged Image File Format (TIFF)
371
Gtk
380
wxWidgets
381
Qt4
382
Scaleable Vector Graphics (SVG)
390
Windows Metafile
400
Quartz
410
Socket driver
415
0MQ driver
420
OpenGL
 Parameters:
workstation_id – [in] a workstation identifier
connection – [in] a connection identifier
type – [in] the desired workstation type

void gr_closews(int)¶
Close the specified workstation.
 Parameters:
workstation_id – [in] a workstation identifier

void gr_activatews(int)¶
Activate the specified workstation.
 Parameters:
workstation_id – [in] a workstation identifier

void gr_deactivatews(int)¶
Deactivate the specified workstation.
 Parameters:
workstation_id – [in] a workstation identifier

void gr_configurews(void)¶
Configure the specified workstation.

void gr_clearws(void)¶

void gr_updatews(void)¶

void gr_polyline(int, double*, double*)¶
Draw a polyline using the current line attributes, starting from the first data point and ending at the last data point.
The values for
x
andy
are in world coordinates. The attributes that control the appearance of a polyline are linetype, linewidth and color index. Parameters:
n – [in] The number of points
x – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
y – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates

void gr_polymarker(int, double*, double*)¶
Draw marker symbols centered at the given data points.
The values for
x
andy
are in world coordinates. The attributes that control the appearance of a polymarker are marker type, marker size scale factor and color index. Parameters:
n – [in] The number of points
x – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
y – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates

void gr_text(double, double, char*)¶
Draw a text at position
x
,y
using the current text attributes.The values for
x
andy
are in normalized device coordinates. The attributes that control the appearance of text are text font and precision, character expansion factor, character spacing, text color index, character height, character up vector, text path and text alignment. Parameters:
x – [in] The X coordinate of the starting position of the text string
y – [in] The Y coordinate of the starting position of the text string
string – [in] The text to be drawn

void gr_textx(double, double, char*, int)¶
Draw a text at position
x
,y
using the given options and current text attributes.The values for
x
andy
specify the text position. If the GR_TEXT_USE_WC option is set, they are interpreted as world cordinates, otherwise as normalized device coordinates. The string may contain new line characters and inline math expressions ($…$). The latter are only taken into account, if the GR_TEXT_ENABLE_INLINE_MATH option is set. The attributes that control the appearance of text are text font and precision, character expansion factor, character spacing, text color index, character height, character up vector, text path and text alignment. Parameters:
x – [in] The X coordinate of the starting position of the text string
y – [in] The Y coordinate of the starting position of the text string
string – [in] The text to be drawn
opts – [in] Bit mask including text options (GR_TEXT_USE_WC, GR_TEXT_ENABLE_INLINE_MATH)

void gr_inqtext(double, double, char*, double*, double*)¶

void gr_inqtextx(double, double, char*, int, double*, double*)¶

void gr_fillarea(int, double*, double*)¶
Allows you to specify a polygonal shape of an area to be filled.
The attributes that control the appearance of fill areas are fill area interior style, fill area style index and fill area color index.
 Parameters:
n – [in] The number of points
x – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
y – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates

void gr_cellarray(double, double, double, double, int, int, int, int, int, int, int*)¶
Display rasterlike images in a deviceindependent manner. The cell array function partitions a rectangle given by two corner points into DIMX X DIMY cells, each of them colored individually by the corresponding color index of the given cell array.
The values for
xmin
,xmax
,ymin
andymax
are in world coordinates. Parameters:
xmin – [in] X coordinate of the lower left point of the rectangle
xmax – [in] X coordinate of the upper right point of the rectangle
ymin – [in] Y coordinate of the lower left point of the rectangle
ymax – [in] Y coordinate of the upper right point of the rectangle
dimx – [in] X dimension of the color index array
dimy – [in] Y dimension of the color index array
scol – [in] number of leading columns in the color index array
srow – [in] number of leading rows in the color index array
ncol – [in] total number of columns in the color index array
nrow – [in] total number of rows in the color index array
color – [in] color index array

void gr_nonuniformcellarray(double*, double*, int, int, int, int, int, int, int*)¶
Display a two dimensional color index array with nonuniform cell sizes.
These memory accesses must be valid:
x[scol1]
throughx[scol+ncol2+clamp(dimx,0,1)]
y[scol1]
throughy[scol+ncol2+clamp(dimy,0,1)]
color[scol1+(srow1)*ncol]
throughcolor[scol+ncol2+(srow+nrow2)*ncol]
If
dimx
/dimy
is positive,x
/y
must containdimx+1
/dimy+1
elements. The elements are the coordinates of the celledges, where the ith and i+1th elements are the edges of the ith cell in X/Y direction.If
dimx
/dimy
is negative,x
/y
must containdimx
/dimy
elements. The elements are the coordinates of the cellcenters, where the ith element is the center of the ith cell in X/Y direction. The inner edges are placed halfway (in world coordinates) between the surrounding centers. The outer edges will be placed at the coordinates given by the first and last element respectively. However, they will still be considered centers for interpolating the edgepositions, which means the first and last cells will be half the size. Hence, 1 cannot be used as a dimension parameter, because the size of the only cell would be impossible to determine.Assume you have a
dimx
bydimy
color index array. To draw all cells of the color index array using edges use:To draw all cells of the color index array using centers use:gr_nonuniformcellarray(x, y, dimx, dimy, 1, 1, dimx, dimy, color)
gr_nonuniformcellarray(x, y, dimx, dimy, 1, 1, dimx, dimy, color)
scol
andsrow
can be used to specify a (1based) starting column and row in thecolor
,x
andy
array.dimx
anddimy
specify the actual dimension of the arrays in the memory whereofncol
andnrow
values are displayed. Parameters:
x – [in] ascending X coordinates of the cell edges in world coordinates
y – [in] ascending Y coordinates of the cell edges in world coordinates
dimx – [in] (possibly negated) X dimension of the color index array
dimy – [in] (possibly negated) Y dimension of the color index array
scol – [in] 1based starting column of color index and x array
srow – [in] 1based starting row of color index and y array
ncol – [in] number of columns displayed
nrow – [in] number of rows displayed
color – [in] color index array

void gr_polarcellarray(double, double, double, double, double, double, int, int, int, int, int, int, int*)¶
Display a two dimensional color index array mapped to a disk using polar coordinates.
The two dimensional color index array is mapped to the resulting image by interpreting the Xaxis of the array as the angle and the Yaxis as the radius. The center point of the resulting disk is located at
x_org
,y_org
and the radius of the disk isrmax
.To draw a contiguous array as a complete disk use:
The additional parameters to the function can be used to further control the mapping from polar to cartesian coordinates.gr_polarcellarray(x_org, y_org, 0, 360, 0, rmax, dimphi, dimr, 1, 1, dimphi, dimr, color)
If
rmin
is greater than 0 the input data is mapped to a punctured disk (or annulus) with an inner radius ofrmin
and an outer radiusrmax
. Ifrmin
is greater thanrmax
the Yaxis of the array is reversed.The parameter
phimin
andphimax
can be used to map the data to a sector of the (punctured) disk starting atphimin
and ending atphimax
. Ifphimin
is greater thanphimax
the Xaxis is reversed. The visible sector is the one starting in mathematically positive direction (counterclockwise) at the smaller angle and ending at the larger angle. An example of the four possible options can be found below:phimin
phimax
Result
90
270
Left half visible, mapped counterclockwise
270
90
Left half visible, mapped clockwise
90
90
Right half visible, mapped counterclockwise
90
90
Right half visible, mapped clockwise
scol
andsrow
can be used to specify a (1based) starting column and row in thecolor
array.ncol
andnrow
specify the actual dimension of the array in the memory whereofdimphi
anddimr
values are mapped to the disk. Parameters:
x_org – [in] X coordinate of the disk center in world coordinates
y_org – [in] Y coordinate of the disk center in world coordinates
phimin – [in] start angle of the disk sector in degrees
phimax – [in] end angle of the disk sector in degrees
rmin – [in] inner radius of the punctured disk in world coordinates
rmax – [in] outer radius of the disk in world coordinates
dimphi – [in] Phi (X) dimension of the color index array
dimr – [in] R (Y) dimension of the color index array
scol – [in] number of leading columns in the color index array
srow – [in] number of leading rows in the color index array
ncol – [in] total number of columns in the color index array
nrow – [in] total number of rows in the color index array
color – [in] color index array

void gr_nonuniformpolarcellarray(double, double, double*, double*, int, int, int, int, int, int, int*)¶
Display a two dimensional color index array mapped to a disk using polar coordinates with nonuniform cell sizes.
The mapping of the polar coordinates and the drawing is performed simialr to
gr_polarcellarray
with the difference that the individual cell sizes are specified allowing nonuniform sized cells.These memory accesses must be valid:
phi[scol1]
throughphi[scol+ncol2+clamp(dimphi,0,1)]
r[srow1]
throughr[srow+nrow2+clamp(dimr,0,1)]
color[scol1+(srow1)*ncol]
throughcolor[scol+ncol2+(srow+nrow2)*ncol]
`
If
dimphi
/dimr
is positive,phi
/r
must containdimphi+1
/dimr+1
elements. The elements are used to calculate the celledges, where the ith and i+1th elements are used for the edges of the ith cell in Phi/R direction.If
dimphi
/dimr
is negative,phi
/r
must containdimphi
/dimr
elements. The elements are used to calculate the cellcenters, where the ith element is used for the center of the ith cell in Phi/R direction. The inner edges are placed halfway (in world coordinates) between the surrounding centers. The outer edges will be placed at the coordinates calculated for the center of the first and last cell respectively. However, they will still be considered centers for interpolating the edgepositions, which means the first and last cells will be half the size. Hence, 1 cannot be used as a dimension parameter, because the size of the only cell would be impossible to determine.Assume you have a
dimphi
bydimr
color index array. To draw all cells of the color index array using edges use:To draw all cells of the color index array using centers use:gr_nonuniformpolarcellarray(x_org, y_org, phi, r, dimphi, dimr, 1, 1, dimphi, dimr, color)
gr_nonuniformpolarcellarray(x_org, y_org, phi, r, dimphi, dimr, 1, 1, dimphi, dimr, color)
scol
andsrow
can be used to specify a (1based) starting column and row in thecolor
,phi
andr
array.dimr
anddimphi
specify the actual dimension of the arrays in the memory whereofncol
andnrow
values are displayed. Parameters:
x_org – [in] X coordinate of the disk center in world coordinates
y_org – [in] Y coordinate of the disk center in world coordinates
phi – [in] sorted array with the angles of the disk sectors in degrees
r – [in] sorted array with the radii of the cells in world coordinates
dimphi – [in] (possibly negated) Phi/X dimension of the color index array
dimr – [in] (possibly negated) R/Y dimension of the color index array
scol – [in] 1based starting index of the angles and rows of the color index array
srow – [in] 1based starting index of the radii and columns of the color index array
ncol – [in] number of angles/columns displayed
nrow – [in] number of radii/rows displayed
color – [in] color index array

void gr_gdp(int, double*, double*, int, int, int*)¶

void gr_spline(int, double*, double*, int, int)¶
Generate a cubic splinefit, starting from the first data point and ending at the last data point.
The values for
x
andy
are in world coordinates. The attributes that control the appearance of a splinefit are linetype, linewidth and color index.If
method
is > 0, then a generalized crossvalidated smoothing spline is calculated. Ifmethod
is 0, then an interpolating natural cubic spline is calculated. Ifmethod
is < 1, then a cubic Bspline is calculated. Parameters:
n – [in] The number of points
px – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
py – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
m – [in] The number of points in the polygon to be drawn (m > n)
method – [in] The smoothing method

void gr_gridit(int, double*, double*, double*, int, int, double*, double*, double*)¶
Interpolate data from arbitrary points at points on a rectangular grid.
 Parameters:
nd – [in] The number of input points
xd – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates of the input points
yd – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates of the input points
zd – [in] A pointer to the values of the points
nx – [in] The number of points in X direction for the output grid
ny – [in] The number of points in Y direction for the output grid
x – [out] A pointer to the points in X direction for the output grid
y – [out] A pointer to the points in Y direction for the output grid
z – [out] A pointer to the interpolated values on the nx x ny grid points

void gr_setlinetype(int)¶
Specify the line style for polylines.
The available line types are:
LINETYPE_SOLID
1
Solid line
LINETYPE_DASHED
2
Dashed line
LINETYPE_DOTTED
3
Dotted line
LINETYPE_DASHED_DOTTED
4
Dasheddotted line
LINETYPE_DASH_2_DOT
1
Sequence of one dash followed by two dots
LINETYPE_DASH_3_DOT
2
Sequence of one dash followed by three dots
LINETYPE_LONG_DASH
3
Sequence of long dashes
LINETYPE_LONG_SHORT_DASH
4
Sequence of a long dash followed by a short dash
LINETYPE_SPACED_DASH
5
Sequence of dashes double spaced
LINETYPE_SPACED_DOT
6
Sequence of dots double spaced
LINETYPE_DOUBLE_DOT
7
Sequence of pairs of dots
LINETYPE_TRIPLE_DOT
8
Sequence of groups of three dots
 Parameters:
type – [in] The polyline line style

void gr_inqlinetype(int*)¶

void gr_setlinewidth(double)¶
Define the line width of subsequent polyline output primitives.
The line width is calculated as the nominal line width generated on the workstation multiplied by the line width scale factor. This value is mapped by the workstation to the nearest available line width. The default line width is 1.0, or 1 times the line width generated on the graphics device.
 Parameters:
width – [in] The polyline line width scale factor

void gr_inqlinewidth(double*)¶

void gr_setlinecolorind(int)¶
Define the color of subsequent polyline output primitives.
 Parameters:
color – [in] The polyline color index (COLOR < 1256)

void gr_inqlinecolorind(int*)¶

void gr_setmarkertype(int)¶
Specifiy the marker type for polymarkers.
The available marker types are:
MARKERTYPE_DOT
1
Smallest displayable dot
MARKERTYPE_PLUS
2
Plus sign
MARKERTYPE_ASTERISK
3
Asterisk
MARKERTYPE_CIRCLE
4
Hollow circle
MARKERTYPE_DIAGONAL_CROSS
5
Diagonal cross
MARKERTYPE_SOLID_CIRCLE
1
Filled circle
MARKERTYPE_TRIANGLE_UP
2
Hollow triangle pointing upward
MARKERTYPE_SOLID_TRI_UP
3
Filled triangle pointing upward
MARKERTYPE_TRIANGLE_DOWN
4
Hollow triangle pointing downward
MARKERTYPE_SOLID_TRI_DOWN
5
Filled triangle pointing downward
MARKERTYPE_SQUARE
6
Hollow square
MARKERTYPE_SOLID_SQUARE
7
Filled square
MARKERTYPE_BOWTIE
8
Hollow bowtie
MARKERTYPE_SOLID_BOWTIE
9
Filled bowtie
MARKERTYPE_HGLASS
10
Hollow hourglass
MARKERTYPE_SOLID_HGLASS
11
Filled hourglass
MARKERTYPE_DIAMOND
12
Hollow diamond
MARKERTYPE_SOLID_DIAMOND
13
Filled Diamond
MARKERTYPE_STAR
14
Hollow star
MARKERTYPE_SOLID_STAR
15
Filled Star
MARKERTYPE_TRI_UP_DOWN
16
Hollow triangles pointing up and down overlaid
MARKERTYPE_SOLID_TRI_RIGHT
17
Filled triangle point right
MARKERTYPE_SOLID_TRI_LEFT
18
Filled triangle pointing left
MARKERTYPE_HOLLOW PLUS
19
Hollow plus sign
MARKERTYPE_SOLID PLUS
20
Solid plus sign
MARKERTYPE_PENTAGON
21
Pentagon
MARKERTYPE_HEXAGON
22
Hexagon
MARKERTYPE_HEPTAGON
23
Heptagon
MARKERTYPE_OCTAGON
24
Octagon
MARKERTYPE_STAR_4
25
4pointed star
MARKERTYPE_STAR_5
26
5pointed star (pentagram)
MARKERTYPE_STAR_6
27
6pointed star (hexagram)
MARKERTYPE_STAR_7
28
7pointed star (heptagram)
MARKERTYPE_STAR_8
29
8pointed star (octagram)
MARKERTYPE_VLINE
30
verical line
MARKERTYPE_HLINE
31
horizontal line
MARKERTYPE_OMARK
32
omark
Polymarkers appear centered over their specified coordinates.
 Parameters:
type – [in] The polymarker marker type

void gr_inqmarkertype(int*)¶

void gr_setmarkersize(double)¶
Specify the marker size for polymarkers.
The polymarker size is calculated as the nominal size generated on the graphics device multiplied by the marker size scale factor.
 Parameters:
size – [in] Scale factor applied to the nominal marker size

void gr_inqmarkersize(double*)¶
Inquire the marker size for polymarkers.
 Parameters:
size – [out] Scale factor applied to the nominal marker size

void gr_setmarkercolorind(int)¶
Define the color of subsequent polymarker output primitives.
 Parameters:
color – [in] The polymarker color index (COLOR < 1256)

void gr_inqmarkercolorind(int*)¶

void gr_settextfontprec(int, int)¶
Specify the text font and precision for subsequent text output primitives.
The available text fonts are:
FONT_TIMES_ROMAN
101
FONT_TIMES_ITALIC
102
FONT_TIMES_BOLD
103
FONT_TIMES_BOLDITALIC
104
FONT_HELVETICA
105
FONT_HELVETICA_OBLIQUE
106
FONT_HELVETICA_BOLD
107
FONT_HELVETICA_BOLDOBLIQUE
108
FONT_COURIER
109
FONT_COURIER_OBLIQUE
110
FONT_COURIER_BOLD
111
FONT_COURIER_BOLDOBLIQUE
112
FONT_SYMBOL
113
FONT_BOOKMAN_LIGHT
114
FONT_BOOKMAN_LIGHTITALIC
115
FONT_BOOKMAN_DEMI
116
FONT_BOOKMAN_DEMIITALIC
117
FONT_NEWCENTURYSCHLBK_ROMAN
118
FONT_NEWCENTURYSCHLBK_ITALIC
119
FONT_NEWCENTURYSCHLBK_BOLD
120
FONT_NEWCENTURYSCHLBK_BOLDITALIC
121
FONT_AVANTGARDE_BOOK
122
FONT_AVANTGARDE_BOOKOBLIQUE
123
FONT_AVANTGARDE_DEMI
124
FONT_AVANTGARDE_DEMIOBLIQUE
125
FONT_PALATINO_ROMAN
126
FONT_PALATINO_ITALIC
127
FONT_PALATINO_BOLD
128
FONT_PALATINO_BOLDITALIC
129
FONT_ZAPFCHANCERY_MEDIUMITALIC
130
FONT_ZAPFDINGBATS
131
FONT_COMPUTERMODERN
232
FONT_DEJAVUSANS
233
FONT_STIXTWOMATH
234
The available text precisions are:
TEXT_PRECISION_STRING
0
String precision (higher quality)
TEXT_PRECISION_CHAR
1
Character precision (medium quality)
TEXT_PRECISION_STROKE
2
Stroke precision (lower quality)
TEXT_PRECISION_OUTLINE
3
Outline precision (highest quality)
The appearance of a font depends on the text precision value specified. STRING, CHARACTER, STROKE or OUTLINE precision allows for a greater or lesser realization of the text primitives, for efficiency. STRING is the default precision for GR and produces the high quality output using either native font rendering or FreeType. OUTLINE uses the GR path rendering functions to draw individual glyphs and produces the highest quality output.
 Parameters:
font – [in] Text font (see tables)
precision – [in] Text precision (see table below)

void gr_setcharexpan(double)¶
Set the current character expansion factor (width to height ratio).
This function defines the width of subsequent text output primitives. The expansion factor alters the width of the generated characters, but not their height. The default text expansion factor is 1, or one times the normal widthtoheight ratio of the text.
 Parameters:
factor – [in] Text expansion factor applied to the nominal text widthtoheight ratio

void gr_setcharspace(double)¶

void gr_settextcolorind(int)¶
Set the current text color index.
This function defines the color of subsequent text output primitives. GR uses the default foreground color (black=1) for the default text color index.
 Parameters:
color – [in] The text color index (COLOR < 1256)

void gr_inqtextcolorind(int*)¶
Gets the current text color index.
This function gets the color of text output primitives.
 Parameters:
color – [out] The text color index (COLOR < 1256)

void gr_setcharheight(double)¶
Set the current character height.
This function defines the height of subsequent text output primitives. Text height is defined as a percentage of the default window. GR uses the default text height of 0.027 (2.7% of the height of the default window).
 Parameters:
height – [in] Text height value

void gr_setwscharheight(double chh, double height)¶

void gr_inqcharheight(double*)¶
Gets the current character height..
This function gets the height of text output primitives. Text height is defined as a percentage of the default window. GR uses the default text height of 0.027 (2.7% of the height of the default window).
 Parameters:
height – [out] Text height value

void gr_setcharup(double, double)¶
Set the current character text angle up vector.
This function defines the vertical rotation of subsequent text output primitives. The text up vector is initially set to (0, 1), horizontal to the baseline.
 Parameters:
ux – [in] X coordinate of the text up vector
uy – [in] Y coordinate of the text up vector

void gr_settextpath(int)¶
Define the current direction in which subsequent text will be drawn.
TEXT_PATH_RIGHT
0
lefttoright
TEXT_PATH_LEFT
1
righttoleft
TEXT_PATH_UP
2
downsideup
TEXT_PATH_DOWN
3
upsidedown
 Parameters:
path – [in] Text path (see table)

void gr_settextalign(int, int)¶
Set the current horizontal and vertical alignment for text.
TEXT_HALIGN_NORMAL
0
TEXT_HALIGN_LEFT
1
Left justify
TEXT_HALIGN_CENTER
2
Center justify
TEXT_HALIGN_RIGHT
3
Right justify
TEXT_VALIGN_NORMAL
0
TEXT_VALIGN_TOP
1
Align with the top of the characters
TEXT_VALIGN_CAP
2
Aligned with the cap of the characters
TEXT_VALIGN_HALF
3
Aligned with the half line of the characters
TEXT_VALIGN_BASE
4
Aligned with the base line of the characters
TEXT_VALIGN_BOTTOM
5
Aligned with the bottom line of the characters
This function specifies how the characters in a text primitive will be aligned in horizontal and vertical space. The default text alignment indicates horizontal left alignment and vertical baseline alignment.
 Parameters:
horizontal – [in] Horizontal text alignment (see the table)
vertical – [in] Vertical text alignment (see the table)

void gr_setfillintstyle(int)¶
Set the fill area interior style to be used for fill areas.
HOLLOW
0
No filling. Just draw the bounding polyline
SOLID
1
Fill the interior of the polygon using the fill color index
PATTERN
2
Fill the interior of the polygon using the style index as a pattern index
HATCH
3
Fill the interior of the polygon using the style index as a crosshatched style
SOLID_WITH_BORDER
4
Fill the interior of the polygon using the fill color index and draw the bounding polyline
This function defines the interior style for subsequent fill area output primitives. The default interior style is HOLLOW.
 Parameters:
style – [in] The style of fill to be used

void gr_inqfillintstyle(int*)¶
Set the fill area interior style to be used for fill areas.
This function gets the currently set fill style.
 Parameters:
style – [out] The currently set fill style

void gr_setfillstyle(int)¶
Set the fill area interior style to be used for fill areas.
This function specifies an index when PATTERN fill or HATCH fill is requested by the gr_setfillintstyle function. If the interior style is set to PATTERN, the fill style index points to a deviceindependent pattern table. If interior style is set to HATCH the fill style index indicates different hatch styles. If HOLLOW or SOLID is specified for the interior style, the fill style index is unused.
 Parameters:
index – [in] The fill style index to be used

void gr_inqfillstyle(int*)¶
Get the fill area interior style to be used for fill areas.
This function gets the color index for PATTERN and HATCH fills.
 Parameters:
index – [out] The currently set fill style color index

void gr_setfillcolorind(int)¶
Sets the current fill area color index.
This function defines the color of subsequent fill area output primitives. GR uses the default foreground color (black=1) for the default fill area color index.
 Parameters:
color – [in] The fill area color index (COLOR < 1256)

void gr_inqfillcolorind(int*)¶
Gets the current fill area color index.
This function gets the color of fill area output primitives.
 Parameters:
color – [out] The fill area color index (COLOR < 1256)

void gr_setresizebehaviour(int)¶

void gr_inqresizebehaviour(int*)¶

void gr_setcolorrep(int, double, double, double)¶
Redefine an existing color index representation by specifying an RGB color triplet.
 Parameters:
index – [in] Color index in the range 0 to 1256
red – [in] Red intensity in the range 0.0 to 1.0
green – [in] Green intensity in the range 0.0 to 1.0
blue – [in] Blue intensity in the range 0.0 to 1.0

void gr_setwindow(double, double, double, double)¶
Establishes a window, or rectangular subspace, of world coordinates to be plotted. If you desire log scaling or mirrorimaging of axes, use the gr_setscale function.
This function defines the rectangular portion of the World Coordinate space (WC) to be associated with the specified normalization transformation. The WC window and the Normalized Device Coordinates (NDC) viewport define the normalization transformation through which all output primitives are mapped. The WC window is mapped onto the rectangular NDC viewport which is, in turn, mapped onto the display surface of the open and active workstation, in device coordinates. By default, GR uses the range [0,1] x [0,1], in world coordinates, as the normalization transformation window.
 Parameters:
xmin – [in] The left horizontal coordinate of the window (xmin < xmax).
xmax – [in] The right horizontal coordinate of the window (xmin < xmax).
ymin – [in] The bottom vertical coordinate of the window (ymin < ymax).
ymax – [in] The top vertical coordinate of the window (ymin < ymax).

void gr_inqwindow(double*, double*, double*, double*)¶

void gr_setviewport(double, double, double, double)¶
Establishes a rectangular subspace of normalized device coordinates.
This function defines the rectangular portion of the Normalized Device Coordinate (NDC) space to be associated with the specified normalization transformation. The NDC viewport and World Coordinate (WC) window define the normalization transformation through which all output primitives pass. The WC window is mapped onto the rectangular NDC viewport which is, in turn, mapped onto the display surface of the open and active workstation, in device coordinates.
 Parameters:
xmin – [in] The left horizontal coordinate of the viewport (0 <= xmin < xmax).
xmax – [in] The right horizontal coordinate of the viewport (xmin < xmax <= 1).
ymin – [in] The bottom vertical coordinate of the viewport (0 <= ymin < ymax).
ymax – [in] The top vertical coordinate of the viewport (ymin < ymax <= 1).

void gr_inqviewport(double*, double*, double*, double*)¶

void gr_selntran(int)¶
Select a predefined transformation from world coordinates to normalized device coordinates.
0
Selects the identity transformation in which both the window and viewport have the range of 0 to 1
>= 1
Selects a normalization transformation as defined by setwindow and setviewport
 Parameters:
transform – [in] A normalization transformation number.

void gr_setclip(int)¶
Set the clipping indicator.
0
Clipping is off. Data outside of the window will be drawn.
1
Clipping is on. Data outside of the window will not be drawn.
This function enables or disables clipping of the image drawn in the current window. Clipping is defined as the removal of those portions of the graph that lie outside of the defined viewport. If clipping is on, GR does not draw generated output primitives past the viewport boundaries. If clipping is off, primitives may exceed the viewport boundaries, and they will be drawn to the edge of the workstation window. By default, clipping is on.
 Parameters:
indicator – [in] An indicator specifying whether clipping is on or off.

void gr_setwswindow(double, double, double, double)¶
Set the area of the NDC viewport that is to be drawn in the workstation window.
This function defines the rectangular area of the Normalized Device Coordinate space to be output to the device. By default, the workstation transformation will map the range [0,1] x [0,1] in NDC onto the largest square on the workstation’s display surface. The aspect ratio of the workstation window is maintained at 1 to 1.
 Parameters:
xmin – [in] The left horizontal coordinate of the workstation window (0 <= xmin < xmax).
xmax – [in] The right horizontal coordinate of the workstation window (xmin < xmax <= 1).
ymin – [in] The bottom vertical coordinate of the workstation window (0 <= ymin < ymax).
ymax – [in] The top vertical coordinate of the workstation window (ymin < ymax <= 1).

void gr_setwsviewport(double, double, double, double)¶
Define the size of the workstation graphics window in meters.
This function places a workstation window on the display of the specified size in meters. This command allows the workstation window to be accurately sized for a display or hardcopy device, and is often useful for sizing graphs for desktop publishing applications.
 Parameters:
xmin – [in] The left horizontal coordinate of the workstation window.
xmax – [in] The right horizontal coordinate of the workstation window.
ymin – [in] The bottom vertical coordinate of the workstation window.
ymax – [in] The top vertical coordinate of the workstation window.

void gr_createseg(int)¶

void gr_copysegws(int)¶

void gr_redrawsegws(void)¶

void gr_setsegtran(int, double, double, double, double, double, double, double)¶

void gr_closeseg(void)¶

void gr_samplelocator(double*, double*, int*)¶

void gr_emergencyclosegks(void)¶

void gr_updategks(void)¶

int gr_setspace(double, double, int, int)¶
Set the abstract Zspace used for mapping threedimensional output primitives into the current world coordinate space.
This function establishes the limits of an abstract Zaxis and defines the angles for rotation and for the viewing angle (tilt) of a simulated threedimensional graph, used for mapping corresponding output primitives into the current window. These settings are used for all subsequent threedimensional output primitives until other values are specified. Angles of rotation and viewing angle must be specified between 0 and 90 degrees.
 Parameters:
zmin – [in] Minimum value for the Zaxis.
zmax – [in] Maximum value for the Zaxis.
rotation – [in] Angle for the rotation of the X axis, in degrees.
tilt – [in] Viewing angle of the Z axis, in degrees.

void gr_inqspace(double*, double*, int*, int*)¶

int gr_setscale(int)¶
Set the type of transformation to be used for subsequent GR output primitives.
GR_OPTION_X_LOG
Logarithmic Xaxis
GR_OPTION_Y_LOG
Logarithmic Yaxis
GR_OPTION_Z_LOG
Logarithmic Zaxis
GR_OPTION_FLIP_X
Flip Xaxis
GR_OPTION_FLIP_Y
Flip Yaxis
GR_OPTION_FLIP_Z
Flip Zaxis
GR_OPTION_X_LOG2
log2 scaled Xaxis
GR_OPTION_Y_LOG2
log2 scaled Yaxis
GR_OPTION_Z_LOG2
log2 scaled Zaxis
GR_OPTION_X_LN
ln scaled Xaxis
GR_OPTION_Y_LN
ln scaled Yaxis
GR_OPTION_Z_LN
ln scaled Zaxis
This function defines the current transformation according to the given scale specification which may be or’ed together using any of the above options. GR uses these options for all subsequent output primitives until another value is provided. The scale options are used to transform points from an abstract logarithmic or semilogarithmic coordinate system, which may be flipped along each axis, into the world coordinate system.
Note
When applying a logarithmic transformation to a specific axis, the system assumes that the axes limits are greater than zero.
 Parameters:
options – [in] Scale specification (see table)

void gr_inqscale(int*)¶

int gr_textext(double, double, char*)¶
Draw a text at position
x
,y
using the current text attributes. Strings can be defined to create basic mathematical expressions and Greek letters.The values for X and Y are in normalized device coordinates. The attributes that control the appearance of text are text font and precision, character expansion factor, character spacing, text color index, character height, character up vector, text path and text alignment.
The character string is interpreted to be a simple mathematical formula. The following notations apply:
Subscripts and superscripts: These are indicated by carets (‘^’) and underscores (‘_’). If the sub/superscript contains more than one character, it must be enclosed in curly braces (‘{}’).
Fractions are typeset with A ‘/’ B, where A stands for the numerator and B for the denominator.
To include a Greek letter you must specify the corresponding keyword after a backslash (’') character. The text translator produces uppercase or lowercase Greek letters depending on the case of the keyword.
Letter
Keyword
\(A\) \(\alpha\)
alpha
\(B\) \(\beta\)
beta
\(\Gamma\) \(\gamma\)
gamma
\(\Delta\) \(\delta\)
delta
\(E\) \(\epsilon\)
epsilon
\(Z\) \(\zeta\)
zeta
\(H\) \(\eta\)
eta
\(\Theta\) \(\theta\)
theta
\(I\) \(\iota\)
iota
\(K\) \(\kappa\)
kappa
\(\Lambda\) \(\lambda\)
lambda
\(M\) \(\mu\)
mu
\(N\) \(\nu\)
v
\(\Xi\) \(\xi\)
xi
\(O\) \(o\)
omicron
\(\Pi\) \(\pi\)
pi
\(P\) \(\rho\)
rho
\(\Sigma\) \(\sigma\)
sigma
\(T\) \(\tau\)
tau
\(\Upsilon\) \(\upsilon\)
upsilon
\(\Phi\) \(\phi\)
phi
\(X\) \(\chi\)
chi
\(\Psi\) \(\psi\)
psi
\(\Omega\) \(\omega\)
omega
For more sophisticated mathematical formulas, you should use the gr_mathtex function.
Note: ‘v’ is a replacement for ‘nu’ which would conflict with ‘
’ (newline)
 Parameters:
x – [in] The X coordinate of starting position of the text string
y – [in] The Y coordinate of starting position of the text string
string – [in] The text to be drawn

void gr_inqtextext(double, double, char*, double*, double*)¶

void gr_setscientificformat(int)¶
Specify the format to be used when scientific notation is used.
The available options are:
SCIENTIFIC_FORMAT_OPTION_E
1
SCIENTIFIC_FORMAT_OPTION_TEXTEX
2
SCIENTIFIC_FORMAT_OPTION_MATHTEX
3
 Parameters:
format_option – [in] Scientific format

void gr_axes(double, double, double, double, int, int, double)¶
Draw X and Y coordinate axes with linearly and/or logarithmically spaced tick marks.
Tick marks are positioned along each axis so that major tick marks fall on the axes origin (whether visible or not). Major tick marks are labeled with the corresponding data values. Axes are drawn according to the scale of the window. Axes and tick marks are drawn using solid lines; line color and width can be modified using the gr_setlinetype and gr_setlinewidth functions. Axes are drawn according to the linear or logarithmic transformation established by the gr_setscale function.
 Parameters:
x_tick – [in] The interval between minor tick marks on the X axis.
y_tick – [in] The interval between minor tick marks on the Y axis.
x_org – [in] The world coordinate of the origin (point of intersection) of the X axis.
y_org – [in] The world coordinate of the origin (point of intersection) of the Y axis.
major_x – [in] Unitless integer value specifying the number of minor tick intervals between major tick marks on the X axis. Values of 0 or 1 imply no minor ticks. Negative values specify no labels will be drawn for the associated axis.
major_y – [in] Unitless integer value specifying the number of minor tick intervals between major tick marks on the Y axis. Values of 0 or 1 imply no minor ticks. Negative values specify no labels will be drawn for the associated axis.
tick_size – [in] The length of minor tick marks specified in a normalized device coordinate unit. Major tick marks are twice as long as minor tick marks. A negative value reverses the tick marks on the axes from inward facing to outward facing (or vice versa).

void gr_axeslbl(double, double, double, double, int, int, double, void (*)(double, double, const char*, double), void (*)(double, double, const char*, double))¶
Create axes in the current workspace and supply a custom function for changing the behaviour of the tick labels.
Similar to gr_axes() but allows more finegrained control over tick labels and text positioning by supplying callback functions. Within the callback function you can use normal GR text primitives for performing any manipulations on the label text.
See gr_axes() for more details on drawing axes.
 Parameters:
x_tick – [in] The interval between minor tick marks on the X axis.
y_tick – [in] The interval between minor tick marks on the Y axis.
x_org – [in] The world coordinate of the origin (point of intersection) of the X axis.
y_org – [in] The world coordinate of the origin (point of intersection) of the Y axis.
major_x – [in] Unitless integer value specifying the number of minor tick intervals between major tick marks on the X axis. Values of 0 or 1 imply no minor ticks. Negative values specify no labels will be drawn for the associated axis.
major_y – [in] Unitless integer value specifying the number of minor tick intervals between major tick marks on the Y axis. Values of 0 or 1 imply no minor ticks. Negative values specify no labels will be drawn for the associated axis.
tick_size – [in] The length of minor tick marks specified in a normalized device coordinate unit. Major tick marks are twice as long as minor tick marks. A negative value reverses the tick marks on the axes from inward facing to outward facing (or vice versa).
fpx – [in] Function pointer to a function that returns a label for a given tick on the X axis. The callback function should have the following arguments:
x – [in] NDC of the label in X direction.
y – [in] NDC of the label in Y direction.
svalue – [in] Internal string representation of the text drawn by GR at (x,y).
value – [in] Floating point representation of the label drawn at (x,y).
fpy – [in] Exactly same as the fpx above, but for the the Y axis.

void gr_grid(double, double, double, double, int, int)¶
Draw a linear and/or logarithmic grid.
Major grid lines correspond to the axes origin and major tick marks whether visible or not. Minor grid lines are drawn at points equal to minor tick marks. Major grid lines are drawn using black lines and minor grid lines are drawn using gray lines.
 Parameters:
x_tick – [in] The length in world coordinates of the interval between minor grid lines in X direction.
y_tick – [in] The length in world coordinates of the interval between minor grid lines in Y direction.
x_org – [in] The world coordinate of the origin (point of intersection) of the X axis.
y_org – [in] The world coordinate of the origin (point of intersection) of the Y axis.
major_x – [in] Unitless integer value specifying the number of minor grid lines between major grid lines on the X axis. Values of 0 or 1 imply no grid lines.
major_y – [in] Unitless integer value specifying the number of minor grid lines between major grid lines on the Y axis. Values of 0 or 1 imply no grid lines.

void gr_grid3d(double, double, double, double, double, double, int, int, int)¶
Draw a linear and/or logarithmic grid.
Major grid lines correspond to the axes origin and major tick marks whether visible or not. Minor grid lines are drawn at points equal to minor tick marks. Major grid lines are drawn using black lines and minor grid lines are drawn using gray lines.
 Parameters:
x_tick – [in] The length in world coordinates of the interval between minor grid lines in X direction.
y_tick – [in] The length in world coordinates of the interval between minor grid lines in Y direction.
z_tick – [in] The length in world coordinates of the interval between minor grid lines in Z direction.
x_org – [in] The world coordinate of the origin (point of intersection) of the X axis.
y_org – [in] The world coordinate of the origin (point of intersection) of the Y axis.
z_org – [in] The world coordinate of the origin (point of intersection) of the Z axis.
major_x – [in] Unitless integer value specifying the number of minor grid lines between major grid lines on the X axis. Values of 0 or 1 imply no grid lines.
major_y – [in] Unitless integer value specifying the number of minor grid lines between major grid lines on the Y axis. Values of 0 or 1 imply no grid lines.
major_z – [in] Unitless integer value specifying the number of minor grid lines between major grid lines on the Z axis. Values of 0 or 1 imply no grid lines.

void gr_verrorbars(int, double*, double*, double*, double*)¶
Draw a standard vertical error bar graph.
 Parameters:
n – [in] The number of points
px – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
py – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
e1 – [in] A pointer to the absolute values of the lower error bar data
e2 – [in] A pointer to the absolute values of the upper error bar data

void gr_herrorbars(int, double*, double*, double*, double*)¶
Draw a standard horizontal error bar graph.
 Parameters:
n – [in] The number of points
px – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
py – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
e1 – [in] A pointer to the absolute values of the lower error bar data
e2 – [in] A pointer to the absolute values of the upper error bar data

void gr_polyline3d(int, double*, double*, double*)¶
Draw a 3D curve using the current line attributes, starting from the first data point and ending at the last data point.
The values for x, y and z are in world coordinates. The attributes that control the appearance of a polyline are linetype, linewidth and color index.
 Parameters:
n – [in] The number of points
px – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
py – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
pz – [in] A pointer to the Z coordinates

void gr_polymarker3d(int, double*, double*, double*)¶
Draw marker symbols centered at the given 3D data points.
The values for x, y and z are in world coordinates. The attributes that control the appearance of a polymarker are marker type, marker size scale factor and color index.
 Parameters:
n – [in] The number of points
px – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
py – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
pz – [in] A pointer to the Z coordinates

void gr_axes3d(double, double, double, double, double, double, int, int, int, double)¶
Draw X, Y and Z coordinate axes with linearly and/or logarithmically spaced tick marks.
Tick marks are positioned along each axis so that major tick marks fall on the axes origin (whether visible or not). Major tick marks are labeled with the corresponding data values. Axes are drawn according to the scale of the window. Axes and tick marks are drawn using solid lines; line color and width can be modified using the gr_setlinetype and gr_setlinewidth functions. Axes are drawn according to the linear or logarithmic transformation established by the gr_setscale function.
 Parameters:
x_tick – [in] The length in world coordinates of the interval between minor grid lines in X direction.
y_tick – [in] The length in world coordinates of the interval between minor grid lines in Y direction.
z_tick – [in] The length in world coordinates of the interval between minor grid lines in Z direction.
x_org – [in] The world coordinate of the origin (point of intersection) of the X axis.
y_org – [in] The world coordinate of the origin (point of intersection) of the Y axis.
z_org – [in] The world coordinate of the origin (point of intersection) of the Z axis.
major_x – [in] Unitless integer value specifying the number of minor grid lines between major grid lines on the X axis. Values of 0 or 1 imply no grid lines.
major_y – [in] Unitless integer value specifying the number of minor grid lines between major grid lines on the Y axis. Values of 0 or 1 imply no grid lines.
major_z – [in] Unitless integer value specifying the number of minor grid lines between major grid lines on the Z axis. Values of 0 or 1 imply no grid lines.
tick_size – [in] The length of minor tick marks specified in a normalized device coordinate unit. Major tick marks are twice as long as minor tick marks. A negative value reverses the tick marks on the axes from inward facing to outward facing (or vice versa).

void gr_titles3d(char*, char*, char*)¶
Display axis titles just outside of their respective axes.
 Parameters:
x_title – [in] The text to be displayed on the X axis
y_title – [in] The text to be displayed on the Y axis
z_title – [in] The text to be displayed on the Z axis

void gr_settitles3d(char*, char*, char*)¶
Set axis titles to display when gr_axes3d is called, similar to gr_titles3d.
 Parameters:
x_title – [in] The text to be displayed on the X axis
y_title – [in] The text to be displayed on the Y axis
z_title – [in] The text to be displayed on the Z axis

void gr_surface(int, int, double*, double*, double*, int)¶
Draw a threedimensional surface plot for the given data points.
x and y define a grid. z is a singly dimensioned array containing at least nx * ny data points. z describes the surface height at each point on the grid. Data is ordered as shown in the following table:
LINES
0
Use X Y polylines to denote the surface
MESH
1
Use a wire grid to denote the surface
FILLED_MESH
2
Applies an opaque grid to the surface
Z_SHADED_MESH
3
Applies Zvalue shading to the surface
COLORED_MESH
4
Applies a colored grid to the surface
CELL_ARRAY
5
Applies a grid of individuallycolored cells to the surface
SHADED_MESH
6
Applies light source shading to the 3D surface
To see option 2 correctly change linecolorind or fillcolorind. Both default values are black.
 Parameters:
nx – [in] The number of points along the X axis
ny – [in] The number of points along the Y axis
px – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
py – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
pz – [in] A pointer to the Z coordinates
option – [in] Surface display option (see table)

void gr_contour(int, int, int, double*, double*, double*, double*, int)¶
Draw contours of a threedimensional data set whose values are specified over a rectangular mesh. Contour lines may optionally be labeled.
 Parameters:
nx – [in] The number of points along the X axis
ny – [in] The number of points along the Y axis
nh – [in] The number of height values. If less than 1, 16 evenly spaced values will be used instead of h, which can safely be NULL
px – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
py – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
h – [in] A pointer to the height values
pz – [in] A pointer to the Z coordinates (at least nx * ny)
major_h – [in] Directs GR to label contour lines. For example, a value of 3 would label every third line. A value of 1 will label every line. A value of 0 produces no labels. To produce colored contour lines, add an offset of 1000 to major_h

void gr_contourf(int, int, int, double*, double*, double*, double*, int)¶
Draw filled contour plot of a threedimensional data set whose values are specified over a rectangular mesh.
 Parameters:
nx – [in] The number of points along the X axis
ny – [in] The number of points along the Y axis
nh – [in] The number of height values. 0 for default contours.
px – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
py – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
h – [in] A pointer to the height values in ascending order. If NULL, use nh evenly distributed height values between minimum and maximum Z value.
pz – [in] A pointer to the Z coordinates (at least nx * ny)
major_h – [in] Directs GR to label contour lines. For example, a value of 3 would label every third line. A value of 1 will label every line. A value of 0 produces no labels. To produce colored contour lines, add an offset of 1000 to major_h. Use a value of 1 to disable contour lines and labels.

void gr_tricontour(int, double*, double*, double*, int, double*)¶
Draw a contour plot for the given triangle mesh.
 Parameters:
npoints – [in] The number of points
x – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
y – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
z – [in] A pointer to the Z coordinates
nlevels – [in] The number of contour levels
levels – [in] A pointer to the contour levels

int gr_hexbin(int, double*, double*, int)¶

const hexbin_2pass_t *gr_hexbin_2pass(int, double*, double*, int, const hexbin_2pass_t*)¶

void gr_setcolormap(int)¶
Set the currently used colormap.
A list of colormaps can be found at: https://grframework.org/colormaps.html
Using a negative index will use the reverse of the selected colormap.
 Parameters:
index – [in] Colormap index

void gr_inqcolormap(int*)¶

void gr_setcolormapfromrgb(int n, double *r, double *g, double *b, double *x)¶
Define a colormap by a list of RGB colors.
This function defines a colormap using the n given color intensities. If less than 256 colors are provided the colors intensities are linear interpolated. If x is NULL the given color values are evenly distributed in the colormap. Otherwise the normalized value of x defines the position of the color in the colormap.
 Parameters:
n – [in] The number of colors
r – [in] A pointer to the red intensities in range 0.0 to 1.0
g – [in] A pointer to the green intensities in range 0.0 to 1.0
b – [in] A pointer to the blue intensities in range 0.0 to 1.0
x – [in] A pointer to the positions of the corresponding color in the resulting colormap or NULL. The values of x must increase monotonically from 0.0 to 1.0. If x is NULL the given colors are evenly distributed in the colormap.

void gr_inqcolormapinds(int*, int*)¶
Inquire the color index range of the current colormap.
 Parameters:
first_color_ind – [out] The color index of the first color
last_color_ind – [out] The color index of the last color

void gr_colorbar(void)¶

void gr_inqcolor(int, int*)¶

int gr_inqcolorfromrgb(double, double, double)¶

void gr_hsvtorgb(double h, double s, double v, double *r, double *g, double *b)¶

double gr_tick(double, double)¶

int gr_validaterange(double, double)¶

void gr_adjustlimits(double*, double*)¶

void gr_adjustrange(double*, double*)¶

void gr_beginprint(char*)¶
Open and activate a print device.
This function opens an additional graphics output device. The device type is obtained from the given file extension. The following file types are supported:
The following file types are supported:
.ps, .eps
PostScript
.pdf
Portable Document Format
.bmp
Windows Bitmap (BMP)
.jpeg, .jpg
JPEG image file
.png
Portable Network Graphics file (PNG)
.tiff, .tif
Tagged Image File Format (TIFF)
.svg
Scalable Vector Graphics
.wmf
Windows Metafile
.mp4
MPEG4 video file
.webm
WebM video file
.ogg
Ogg video file
 Parameters:
pathname – [in] Filename for the print device.

void gr_beginprintext(char*, char*, char*, char*)¶
Open and activate a print device with the given layout attributes.
The available formats are:
A4
0.210 x 0.297
B5
0.176 x 0.250
Letter
0.216 x 0.279
Legal
0.216 x 0.356
Executive
0.191 x 0.254
A0
0.841 x 1.189
A1
0.594 x 0.841
A2
0.420 x 0.594
A3
0.297 x 0.420
A5
0.148 x 0.210
A6
0.105 x 0.148
A7
0.074 x 0.105
A8
0.052 x 0.074
A9
0.037 x 0.052
B0
1.000 x 1.414
B1
0.500 x 0.707
B10
0.031 x 0.044
B2
0.500 x 0.707
B3
0.353 x 0.500
B4
0.250 x 0.353
B6
0.125 x 0.176
B7
0.088 x 0.125
B8
0.062 x 0.088
B9
0.044 x 0.062
C5E
0.163 x 0.229
Comm10E
0.105 x 0.241
DLE
0.110 x 0.220
Folio
0.210 x 0.330
Ledger
0.432 x 0.279
Tabloid
0.279 x 0.432
 Parameters:
pathname – [in] Filename for the print device.
mode – [in] Output mode (Color, GrayScale)
format – [in] Output format (see table)
orientation – [in] Page orientation (Landscape, Portrait)

void gr_endprint(void)¶

void gr_ndctowc(double*, double*)¶

void gr_wctondc(double*, double*)¶

void gr_wc3towc(double*, double*, double*)¶

void gr_drawrect(double, double, double, double)¶
Draw a rectangle using the current line attributes.
 Parameters:
xmin – [in] Left edge of the rectangle
xmax – [in] Right edge of the rectangle
ymin – [in] Bottom edge of the rectangle
ymax – [in] Upper edge of the rectangle

void gr_fillrect(double, double, double, double)¶
Draw a filled rectangle using the current fill attributes.
 Parameters:
xmin – [in] Left edge of the rectangle
xmax – [in] Right edge of the rectangle
ymin – [in] Bottom edge of the rectangle
ymax – [in] Upper edge of the rectangle

void gr_drawarc(double, double, double, double, double, double)¶
Draw a circular or elliptical arc covering the specified rectangle.
The resulting arc begins at a1 and ends at a2 degrees. Angles are interpreted such that 0 degrees is at the 3 o’clock position. The center of the arc is the center of the given rectangle.
 Parameters:
xmin – [in] Left edge of the rectangle
xmax – [in] Right edge of the rectangle
ymin – [in] Bottom edge of the rectangle
ymax – [in] Upper edge of the rectangle
a1 – [in] The start angle
a2 – [in] The end angle

void gr_fillarc(double, double, double, double, double, double)¶
Fill a circular or elliptical arc covering the specified rectangle.
The resulting arc begins at a1 and ends at a2 degrees. Angles are interpreted such that 0 degrees is at the 3 o’clock position. The center of the arc is the center of the given rectangle.
 Parameters:
xmin – [in] Left edge of the rectangle
xmax – [in] Right edge of the rectangle
ymin – [in] Bottom edge of the rectangle
ymax – [in] Upper edge of the rectangle
a1 – [in] The start angle
a2 – [in] The end angle

void gr_drawpath(int, vertex_t*, unsigned char*, int)¶
Draw simple and compound outlines consisting of line segments and bezier curves.
The following path codes are recognized:
STOP
end the entire path
MOVETO
move to the given vertex
LINETO
draw a line from the current position to the given vertex
CURVE3
draw a quadratic Bezier curve
CURVE4
draw a cubic Bezier curve
CLOSEPOLY
draw a line segment to the start point of the current path
 Parameters:
n – [in] The number of vertices
vertices – [in] A pointer to the vertices
codes – [in] A pointer to the path codes
fill – [in] A flag indication whether resulting path is to be filled or not

void gr_setarrowstyle(int)¶
Set the arrow style to be used for subsequent arrow commands.
This function defines the arrow style for subsequent arrow primitives. The default arrow style is 1.
1
simple, singleended
2
simple, singleended, acute head
3
hollow, singleended
4
filled, singleended
5
triangle, singleended
6
filled triangle, singleended
7
kite, singleended
8
filled kite, singleended
9
simple, doubleended
10
simple, doubleended, acute head
11
hollow, doubleended
12
filled, doubleended
13
triangle, doubleended
14
filled triangle, doubleended
15
kite, doubleended
16
filled kite, doubleended
17
double line, singleended
18
double line, doubleended
 Parameters:
style – [in] The arrow style to be used

void gr_setarrowsize(double)¶
Set the arrow size to be used for subsequent arrow commands.
This function defines the arrow size for subsequent arrow primitives. The default arrow size is 1.
 Parameters:
size – [in] The arrow size to be used

void gr_drawarrow(double, double, double, double)¶
Draw an arrow between two points.
Different arrow styles (angles between arrow tail and wing, optionally filled heads, double headed arrows) are available and can be set with the gr_setarrowstyle function.
 Parameters:
x1 – [in] The X coordinate of the arrow start point (tail)
y1 – [in] The Y coordinate of the arrow start point (tail)
x2 – [in] The X coordinate of the arrow end point (head)
y2 – [in] The Y coordinate of the arrow end point (head)

int gr_readimage(char*, int*, int*, int**)¶

void gr_drawimage(double, double, double, double, int, int, int*, int)¶
Draw an image into a given rectangular area.
The points (xmin, ymin) and (xmax, ymax) are world coordinates defining diagonally opposite corner points of a rectangle. This rectangle is divided into width by height cells. The twodimensional array data specifies colors for each cell.
The available color models are:
GR_MODEL_RGB
0
AABBGGRR
GR_MODEL_HSV
1
AAVVSSHH
 Parameters:
xmin – [in] X coordinate of the lower left point of the rectangle
ymin – [in] Y coordinate of the lower left point of the rectangle
xmax – [in] X coordinate of the upper right point of the rectangle
ymax – [in] Y coordinate of the upper right point of the rectangle
width – [in] X dimension of the color index array
height – [in] Y dimension of the color index array
data – [in] color array
model – [in] color model

int gr_importgraphics(char*)¶

void gr_setshadow(double, double, double)¶
Allows drawing of shadows, realized by images painted underneath, and offset from, graphics objects such that the shadow mimics the effect of a light source cast on the graphics objects.
 Parameters:
offsetx – [in] An xoffset, which specifies how far in the horizontal direction the shadow is offset from the object
offsety – [in] A yoffset, which specifies how far in the vertical direction the shadow is offset from the object
blur – [in] A blur value, which specifies whether the object has a hard or a diffuse edge

void gr_settransparency(double)¶
Set the value of the alpha component associated with GR colors.
 Parameters:
alpha – [in] An alpha value (0.0  1.0)

void gr_inqtransparency(double*)¶
Inquire the value of the alpha component associated with GR colors.
 Parameters:
alpha – [out] A pointer to a double value which will hold the transparency value after the function call

void gr_setcoordxform(double[3][2])¶
Change the coordinate transformation according to the given matrix.
 Parameters:
mat – [in] 2D transformation matrix

void gr_begingraphics(char*)¶
Open a file for graphics output.
gr_begingraphics allows to write all graphics output into a XMLformatted file until the gr_endgraphics functions is called. The resulting file may later be imported with the gr_importgraphics function.
 Parameters:
path – [in] Filename for the graphics file.

void gr_endgraphics(void)¶

char *gr_getgraphics(void)¶

int gr_drawgraphics(char*)¶

int gr_startlistener(void)¶

void gr_mathtex(double, double, char*)¶
Generate a character string starting at the given location. Strings can be defined to create mathematical symbols and Greek letters using LaTeX syntax.
 Parameters:
x – [in] The X coordinate of the starting position of the text string
y – [in] The Y coordinate of the starting position of the text string
string – [in] The text string to be drawn

void gr_inqmathtex(double, double, char*, double*, double*)¶

void gr_mathtex3d(double, double, double, char*, int)¶
Generate a character string starting at the given location. Strings can be defined to create mathematical symbols and Greek letters using a limited LaTeX syntax.
 Parameters:
x – [in] The X coordinate of the starting position of the text string
y – [in] The Y coordinate of the starting position of the text string
z – [in] The Z coordinate of the starting position of the text string
string – [in] The text string to be drawn
axis – [in] The plane to draw on (1: YXplane, 2: XY plane, 3: YZ plane, 4: XZ plane), negative flips direction

void gr_inqmathtex3d(double, double, double, char*, int, double*, double*, double*, double*)¶
This function calculates the bounding box of the text that would be drawn using gr_mathtex3d. tbx, tby, tbz contain the corner coordinates, while baseline contains the baseline point.
 Parameters:
x – [in] The X coordinate of the starting position of the text string in world coordinates
y – [in] The Y coordinate of the starting position of the text string in world coordinates
z – [in] The Z coordinate of the starting position of the text string in world coordinates
string – [in] The text string that would be drawn
axis – [in] The plane to draw on (1: YXplane, 2: XY plane, 3: YZ plane, 4: XZ plane), negative flips direction
tbx – [in] A 4element double array to write the xcoordinates of the corners
tby – [in] A 4element double array to write the ycoordinates of the corners
tbz – [in] A 4element double array to write the zcoordinates of the corners
baseline – [in] A 3element (x, y, z) array to write the baseline point coordinates to

void gr_beginselection(int, int)¶

void gr_endselection(void)¶

void gr_setbboxcallback(int, void (*)(int, double, double, double, double))¶

void gr_cancelbboxcallback(void)¶

void gr_moveselection(double, double)¶

void gr_resizeselection(int, double, double)¶

void gr_inqbbox(double*, double*, double*, double*)¶

double gr_precision(void)¶

int gr_text_maxsize(void)¶

void gr_setregenflags(int)¶

int gr_inqregenflags(void)¶

void gr_savestate(void)¶

void gr_restorestate(void)¶

void gr_savecontext(int)¶

void gr_selectcontext(int)¶

void gr_destroycontext(int)¶

void gr_unselectcontext(void)¶

int gr_uselinespec(char*)¶

void gr_delaunay(int, const double*, const double*, int*, int**)¶

void gr_reducepoints(int, const double*, const double*, int, double*, double*)¶
Reduces the number of points of the x and y array.
 Parameters:
n – [in] the number of points of the x and y arrays
x – [in] the x value array
y – [in] the y value array
points – [in] the requested number of points
x_array – [out] the return array for the x values
y_array – [out] the return array for the y values

void gr_trisurface(int, double*, double*, double*)¶
Draw a triangular surface plot for the given data points.
 Parameters:
n – [in] The number of points
px – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
py – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
pz – [in] A pointer to the Z coordinates

void gr_gradient(int, int, double*, double*, double*, double*, double*)¶

void gr_quiver(int, int, double*, double*, double*, double*, int)¶

void gr_interp2(int nx, int ny, const double *x, const double *y, const double *z, int nxq, int nyq, const double *xq, const double *yq, double *zq, int method, double extrapval)¶
Interpolation in two dimensions using one of four different methods. The input points are located on a grid, described by
nx
,ny
,x
,y
andz
. The target grid ist described bynxq
,nyq
,xq
andyq
and the output is written tozq
as a field ofnxq * nyq
values.The available methods for interpolation are the following:
INTERP2_NEAREST
0
Nearest neighbour interpolation
INTERP2_LINEAR
1
Linear interpolation
INTERP_2_SPLINE
2
Interpolation using natural cubic splines
INTERP2_CUBIC
3
Cubic interpolation
 Parameters:
nx – [in] The number of the input grid’s xvalues
ny – [in] The number of the input grid’s yvalues
x – [in] Pointer to the input grid’s xvalues
y – [in] Pointer to the input grid’s yvalues
z – [in] Pointer to the input grid’s zvalues (num. of values: nx * ny)
nxq – [in] The number of the target grid’s xvalues
nyq – [in] The number of the target grid’s yvalues
xq – [in] Pointer to the target grid’s xvalues
yq – [in] Pointer to the target grid’s yvalues
zq – [out] Pointer to the target grids’s zvalues, used for output
method – [in] Used method for interpolation
extrapval – [in] The extrapolation value

const char *gr_version(void)¶
Returns the version string of the GR runtime.
 Returns:
A pointer to the GR runtime version string.

void gr_shade(int, double*, double*, int, int, double*, int, int, int*)¶

void gr_shadepoints(int, double*, double*, int, int, int)¶
Display a point set as a aggregated and rasterized image.
The values for
x
andy
are in world coordinates.The available transformation types are:
XFORM_BOOLEAN
0
boolean
XFORM_LINEAR
1
linear
XFORM_LOG
2
logarithmic
XFORM_LOGLOG
3
double logarithmic
XFORM_CUBIC
4
cubic
XFORM_EQUALIZED
5
histogram equalized
 Parameters:
n – [in] The number of points
x – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
y – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
xform – [in] The transformation type used for color mapping
w – [in] The width of the grid used for rasterization
h – [in] The height of the grid used for rasterization

void gr_shadelines(int, double*, double*, int, int, int)¶
Display a line set as a aggregated and rasterized image.
The values for
x
andy
are in world coordinates. NaN values can be used to separate the point set into line segments.The available transformation types are:
XFORM_BOOLEAN
0
boolean
XFORM_LINEAR
1
linear
XFORM_LOG
2
logarithmic
XFORM_LOGLOG
3
double logarithmic
XFORM_CUBIC
4
cubic
XFORM_EQUALIZED
5
histogram equalized
 Parameters:
n – [in] The number of points
x – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
y – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
xform – [in] The transformation type used for color mapping
w – [in] The width of the grid used for rasterization
h – [in] The height of the grid used for rasterization

void gr_panzoom(double, double, double, double, double*, double*, double*, double*)¶

int gr_findboundary(int, double*, double*, double, double (*)(double, double), int, int*)¶

void gr_setresamplemethod(unsigned int)¶
Set the resample method for resampling.
The available options are:
GKS_K_RESAMPLE_DEFAULT
0x00000000
default
GKS_K_RESAMPLE_NEAREST
0x01010101
nearest neighbour
GKS_K_RESAMPLE_LINEAR
0x02020202
linear
GKS_K_RESAMPLE_LANCZOS
0x03030303
Lanczos
Alternatively, combinations of these methods can be selected for horizontal or vertical upsampling or downsampling:
GKS_K_UPSAMPLE_VERTICAL_DEFAULT
0x00000000
default for vertical upsampling
GKS_K_UPSAMPLE_HORIZONTAL_DEFAULT
0x00000000
default for horizontal upsampling
GKS_K_DOWNSAMPLE_VERTICAL_DEFAULT
0x00000000
default for vertical downsampling
GKS_K_DOWNSAMPLE_HORIZONTAL_DEFAULT
0x00000000
default for horizontal downsampling
GKS_K_UPSAMPLE_VERTICAL_NEAREST
0x00000001
nearest neighbor for vertical upsampling
GKS_K_UPSAMPLE_HORIZONTAL_NEAREST
0x00000100
nearest neighbor for horizontal upsampling
GKS_K_DOWNSAMPLE_VERTICAL_NEAREST
0x00010000
nearest neighbor for vertical downsampling
GKS_K_DOWNSAMPLE_HORIZONTAL_NEAREST
0x01000000
nearest neighbor for horizontal downsampling
GKS_K_UPSAMPLE_VERTICAL_LINEAR
0x00000002
linear for vertical upsampling
GKS_K_UPSAMPLE_HORIZONTAL_LINEAR
0x00000200
linear for horizontal upsampling
GKS_K_DOWNSAMPLE_VERTICAL_LINEAR
0x00020000
linear for vertical downsampling
GKS_K_DOWNSAMPLE_HORIZONTAL_LINEAR
0x02000000
linear for horizontal downsampling
GKS_K_UPSAMPLE_VERTICAL_LANCZOS
0x00000003
lanczos for vertical upsampling
GKS_K_UPSAMPLE_HORIZONTAL_LANCZOS
0x00000300
lanczos for horizontal upsampling
GKS_K_DOWNSAMPLE_VERTICAL_LANCZOS
0x00030000
lanczos for vertical downsampling
GKS_K_DOWNSAMPLE_HORIZONTAL_LANCZOS
0x03000000
lanczos for horizontal downsampling
 Parameters:
flag – [in] Resample method

void gr_inqresamplemethod(unsigned int*)¶
Inquire the resample flag status.
 Returns:
Resample flag

void gr_path(int, double*, double*, const char*)¶
Draw paths using given vertices and path codes.
The values for
x
andy
are in world coordinates.n
is the number of vertices to use. Thecodes
describe several patch primitives that can be used to create compound paths.The following path codes are recognized:
Code
Description
x
y
M, m
move
x
y
L, l
line
x
y
Q, q
quadratic Bezier
x1, x2
y1, y2
C, c
cubic Bezier
x1, x2, x3
y1, y2, y3
A, a
arc
rx, a1, reserved
ry, a2, reserved
Z
close path
S
stroke
s
close path and stroke
f
close path and fill
F
close path, fill and stroke
g
close path and fill (nonzero)
G
close path, fill (nonzero) and stroke
M, m
Moves the current position to (
x
,y
). The new position is either absolute (M
) or relative to the current position (m
). The initial position ofgr_path
is (0, 0).Example:
The first move command in this example moves the current position to the absolute coordinates (0.5, 0.2). The second move to performs a movement by (0.1, 0.1) relative to the current position resulting in the point (0.4, 0.3).double x[2] = {0.5, 0.1}; double y[2] = {0.2, 0.1}; gr_path(2, x, y, "Mm");
L, l
Draws a line from the current position to the given position (
x
,y
). The end point of the line is either absolute (L
) or relative to the current position (l
). The current position is set to the end point of the line.Example:
The first line to command draws a straight line from the current position (0.1, 0.1) to the absolute position (0.5, 0.1) resulting in a horizontal line. The second line to command draws a vertical line relative to the current position resulting in the end point (0.5, 0.3).double x[3] = {0.1, 0.5, 0.0}; double y[3] = {0.1, 0.1, 0.2}; gr_path(3, x, y, "MLlS");
Q, q
Draws a quadratic bezier curve from the current position to the end point (
x2
,y2
) using (x1
,y1
) as the control point. Both points are either absolute (Q
) or relative to the current position (q
). The current position is set to the end point of the bezier curve.Example:
This example will generate two bezier curves whose start and end points are each located at y=0.1. As the control points are horizontally in the middle of each bezier curve with a higher y value both curves are symmetrical and bend slightly upwards in the middle. The current position is set to (0.9, 0.1) at the end.double x[5] = {0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.2, 0.4}; double y[5] = {0.1, 0.2, 0.1, 0.1, 0.0}; gr_path(5, x, y, "MQqS");
C, c
Draws a cubic bezier curve from the current position to the end point (
x3
,y3
) using (x1
,y1
) and (x2
,y2
) as the control points. All three points are either absolute (C
) or relative to the current position (c
). The current position is set to the end point of the bezier curve.Example:
This example will generate two bezier curves whose start and end points are each located at y=0.1. As the control points are equally spaced along the xaxis and the first is above and the second is below the start and end points this creates a wavelike shape for both bezier curves. The current position is set to (0.8, 0.1) at the end.double x[7] = {0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3}; double y[7] = {0.1, 0.2, 0.0, 0.1, 0.1, 0.1, 0.0}; gr_path(7, x, y, "MCcS");
A, a
Draws an elliptical arc starting at the current position. The major axis of the ellipse is aligned with the xaxis and the minor axis is aligned with the yaxis of the plot.
rx
andry
are the ellipses radii along the major and minor axis.a1
anda2
define the start and end angle of the arc in radians. The current position is set to the end point of the arc. Ifa2
is greater thana1
the arc is drawn counterclockwise, otherwise it is drawn clockwise. Thea
andA
commands draw the same arc. The third coordinates of thex
andy
array are ignored and reserved for future use.Examples:
This example draws an arc starting at (0.1, 0.1). As the start angle pi/2 is smaller than the end angle pi/2 the arc is drawn counterclockwise. In this case the right half of an ellipse with an x radius of 0.2 and a y radius of 0.4 is shown. Therefore the current position is set to (0.1, 0.9) at the end.double x[4] = {0.1, 0.2, 3.14159 / 2, 0.0}; double y[4] = {0.1, 0.4, 3.14159 / 2, 0.0}; gr_path(4, x, y, "MAS");
This examples draws the same arc as the previous one. The only difference is that the starting point is now at (0.1, 0.9) and the start angle pi/2 is greater than the end angle pi/2 so that the ellipse arc is drawn clockwise. Therefore the current position is set to (0.1, 0.1) at the end.double x[4] = {0.1, 0.2, 3.14159 / 2, 0.0}; double y[4] = {0.9, 0.4, 3.14159 / 2, 0.0}; gr_path(4, x, y, "MAS");
Z
Closes the current path by connecting the current position to the target position of the last move command (
m
orM
) with a straight line. If no move to was performed in this path it connects the current position to (0, 0). When the path is stroked this line will also be drawn.S, s
Strokes the path with the current border width and border color (set with
gr_setborderwidth
andgr_setbordercolorind
). In case ofs
the path is closed beforehand, which is equivalent toZS
.F, f, G, g
Fills the current path using the evenoddrule for
F
andf
or the nonzero / winding rule forG
andg
in the current fill color. Filling a path implicitly closes the path. The fill color can be set usinggr_setfillcolorind
. In case ofF
andG
the path is also stroked using the current border width and color afterwards.
 Parameters:
n – [in] The number of points
x – [in] A pointer to the X coordinates
y – [in] A pointer to the Y coordinates
codes – [in] Path codes as a nullterminated string

void gr_setborderwidth(double)¶
Define the border width of subsequent path output primitives.
 Parameters:
width – [in] The border width scale factor

void gr_inqborderwidth(double*)¶

void gr_setbordercolorind(int)¶
Define the border color of subsequent path output primitives.
 Parameters:
color – [in] The border color index (COLOR < 1256)

void gr_inqbordercolorind(int*)¶

void gr_selectclipxform(int)¶

void gr_inqclipxform(int*)¶

void gr_setprojectiontype(int)¶
Set the projection type with this flag.
The available options are:
GR_PROJECTION_DEFAULT
0
default
GR_PROJECTION_ORTHOGRAPHIC
1
orthographic
GR_PROJECTION_PERSPECTIVE
2
perspective
 Parameters:
flag – [in] projection type

void gr_inqprojectiontype(int*)¶
Return the projection type.

void gr_setperspectiveprojection(double, double, double)¶
Set the far and near clipping plane for perspective projection and the vertical field ov view
Switches projection type to perspective
 Parameters:
near_plane – distance to near clipping plane
far_plane – distance to far clipping plane
fov – vertical field of view, input must be between 0 and 180 degrees

void gr_inqperspectiveprojection(double*, double*, double*)¶
Return the parameters for the perspective projection.

void gr_settransformationparameters(double, double, double, double, double, double, double, double, double)¶
Method to set the camera position, the upward facing direction and the focus point of the shown volume
 Parameters:
camera_pos_x – x component of the cameraposition in world coordinates
camera_pos_y – y component of the cameraposition in world coordinates
camera_pos_z – z component of the cameraposition in world coordinates
up_x – x component of the up vector
up_y – y component of the up vector
up_z – z component of the up vector
focus_point_x – x component of focuspoint inside volume
focus_point_y – y component of focuspoint inside volume
focus_point_z – z component of focuspoint inside volume

void gr_inqtransformationparameters(double*, double*, double*, double*, double*, double*, double*, double*, double*)¶
Return the camera position, up vector and focus point.

void gr_setorthographicprojection(double, double, double, double, double, double)¶
Set parameters for orthographic transformation
Switches projection type to orthographic
 Parameters:
left – xmin of the volume in worldcoordinates
right – xmax of volume in worldcoordinates
bottom – ymin of volume in worldcoordinates
top – ymax of volume in worldcoordinates
near_plane – distance to near clipping plane
far_plane – distance to far clipping plane

void gr_inqorthographicprojection(double*, double*, double*, double*, double*, double*)¶
Return the parameters for the orthographic projection.

void gr_camerainteraction(double, double, double, double)¶
Rotate the current scene according to a virtual arcball.
This function requires values between 0 (left side or bottom of the drawing area) and 1 (right side or top of the drawing area).
 Parameters:
start_mouse_pos_x – x component of the start mouse position
start_mouse_pos_y – y component of the start mouse position
end_mouse_pos_x – x component of the end mouse position
end_mouse_pos_y – y component of the end mouse position

void gr_setwindow3d(double, double, double, double, double, double)¶
Set the three dimensional window. Only used for perspective and orthographic projection.
 Parameters:
xmin – min xvalue
xmax – max xvalue
ymin – min yvalue
ymax – max yvalue
zmin – min zvalue
zmax – max zvalue

void gr_inqwindow3d(double*, double*, double*, double*, double*, double*)¶

void gr_setscalefactors3d(double, double, double)¶
Set the scale factor for each axis.
The scaling factors must not be zero.
 Parameters:
x_axis_scale – factor for scaling the xaxis
y_axis_scale – factor for scaling the yaxis
z_axis_scale – factor for scaling the zaxis

void gr_inqscalefactors3d(double*, double*, double*)¶
Returns the scaling factor for each axis.

void gr_setspace3d(double, double, double, double)¶
Set the camera for orthographic or perspective projection.
The center of the 3d window is used as the focus point and the camera is positioned relative to it, using camera distance, azimuthal angle and polar angle similar to gr_setspace. This function can be used if the user prefers spherical coordinates to setting the camera position directly, but has reduced functionality in comparison to gr_settransformationparameters, gr_setscalefactors3d, gr_setperspectiveprojection and gr_setorthographicprojection.
 Parameters:
phi – azimuthal angle of the spherical coordinates
theta – polar angle of the spherical coordinates
fov – vertical field of view(0 or NaN for orthographic projection)
cam – distance between the camera and the focus point (in arbitrary units, 0 or NaN for the radius of the object’s smallest bounding sphere)

void gr_inqspace3d(int*, double*, double*, double*, double*)¶

void gr_text3d(double, double, double, char*, int axis)¶

void gr_inqtext3d(double, double, double, char*, int axis, double*, double*)¶
Allows you to get the 2d coordinates and transformed coordinates of a text as if displayed by gr_text3d
The first 8 coordinates are pretransformation coordinates, while the last 8 coordinates are transformed coordinates The first 4 coordinates each are the corners of the bounding box, including ascender and descender space, while the last 4 coordinates are without ascenders and descenders.
 Parameters:
x – [in] The base X coordinate
y – [in] The base Y coordinate
z – [in] The base z coordinate
chars – [in] The string to draw
axis – [in] In which direction the text is drawn (1: YXplane, 2: XY plane, 3: YZ plane, 4: XZ plane)
tbx – [in] A double array of 16 elements to write xcoordinates to
tby – [in] A double array of 16 elements to write ycoordinates to

void gr_settextencoding(int)¶

void gr_inqtextencoding(int*)¶

void gr_loadfont(char*, int*)¶
Load a font file from a given filename.
This function loads a font from a given filename and assigns a font index to it. To use the loaded font call
gr_settextfontprec
using the resulting font index and precision 3.The filename can either be an absolute path or a filename likeint font; gr_loadfont(filename, &font); gr_settextfontprec(font, 3);
Arial.ttf
. Font files are searched in the directories specified by theGKS_FONT_DIRS
environment variable and the operating systems default font locations.As the font file is internally loaded using FreeType, it is required that FreeType support is compiled in and FreeType has to support the given file type. On error the font index is set to 1.
 Parameters:
filename – [in] The absolute filename of the font
font – [out] The font index to use with gr_settextfontprec

void gr_setcallback(char *(*)(const char*))¶

void gr_setthreadnumber(int)¶
Set the number of threads which can run parallel. The default value is the number of threads the cpu has. The only usage right now is inside
gr_cpubasedvolume
andgr_volume_nogrid
. Parameters:
num – [in] number of threads

void gr_setpicturesizeforvolume(int, int)¶
Set the width and height of the resulting picture. These values are only used for the volume rendering methods. The default values are 1000 for both.
 Parameters:
width – [in] width of the resulting image
height – [in] height of the resulting image

void gr_setvolumebordercalculation(int)¶
Set the gr_volume border type with this flag. This inflicts how the volume is calculated. When the flag is set to GR_VOLUME_WITH_BORDER the border will be calculated the same as the points inside the volume.
The available options are:
GR_VOLUME_WITHOUT_BORDER
0
default value
GR_VOLUME_WITH_BORDER
1
gr_volume with border
 Parameters:
flag – [in] calculation of the gr_volume border

void gr_setapproximativecalculation(int)¶
Set if gr_cpubasedvolume is calculated approximative or exact. To use the exact calculation set approximative_calculation to 0. The default value is the approximative version, which can be set with the number 1.
 Parameters:
approximative_calculation – [in] exact or approximative calculation of the volume

void gr_inqvolumeflags(int*, int*, int*, int*, int*)¶
Inquire the parameters which can be set for gr_cpubasedvolume. The size of the resulting image, the way the volumeborder is calculated and the amount of threads which are used.
 Parameters:
border – [out] flag which tells how the border is calculated
max_threads – [out] number of threads
picture_width – [out] width of the resulting image
picture_height – [out] height of the resulting image
approximative_calculation – [out] exact or approximative calculation of gr_cpubasedvolume

void gr_cpubasedvolume(int, int, int, double*, int, double*, double*, double*, double*)¶
Draw volume data with raycasting using the given algorithm and apply the current GR colormap.
Available algorithms are:
GR_VOLUME_EMISSION
0
emission model
GR_VOLUME_ABSORPTION
1
absorption model
GR_VOLUME_MIP
2
maximum intensity projection
 Parameters:
nx – [in] number of points in xdirection
ny – [in] number of points in ydirection
nz – [in] number of points in zdirection
data – [in] an array of shape nx * ny * nz containing the intensities for each point
algorithm – [in] the algorithm to reduce the volume data
dmin_ptr – [inout] The variable this parameter points at will be used as minimum data value when applying the colormap. If it is negative, the variable will be set to the actual occuring minimum and that value will be used instead. If dmin_ptr is NULL, it will be ignored.
dmax_ptr – [inout] The variable this parameter points at will be used as maximum data value when applying the colormap. If it is negative, the variable will be set to the actual occuring maximum and that value will be used instead. If dmax_ptr is NULL, it will be ignored.
min_val – [in] array with the minimum coordinates of the volumedata
max_val – [in] array with the maximum coordinates of the volumedata

const cpubasedvolume_2pass_t *gr_cpubasedvolume_2pass(int, int, int, double*, int, double*, double*, double*, double*, const cpubasedvolume_2pass_t*)¶
Draw volume data with raycasting using the given algorithm and apply the current GR colormap. This is the two pass version of gr_cpubasedvolume and can be used to retrieve dmin and dmax in a first call before the actual volume is drawn in the second call.
Available algorithms are:
GR_VOLUME_EMISSION
0
emission model
GR_VOLUME_ABSORPTION
1
absorption model
GR_VOLUME_MIP
2
maximum intensity projection
 Parameters:
nx – [in] number of points in xdirection
ny – [in] number of points in ydirection
nz – [in] number of points in zdirection
data – [in] an array of shape nx * ny * nz containing the intensities for each point
algorithm – [in] the algorithm to reduce the volume data
dmin_ptr – [inout] The variable this parameter points at will be used as minimum data value when applying the colormap. If it is negative, the variable will be set to the actual occuring minimum and that value will be used instead. If dmin_ptr is NULL, it will be ignored.
dmax_ptr – [inout] The variable this parameter points at will be used as maximum data value when applying the colormap. If it is negative, the variable will be set to the actual occuring maximum and that value will be used instead. If dmax_ptr is NULL, it will be ignored.
min_val – [in] array with the minimum coordinates of the volumedata
max_val – [in] array with the maximum coordinates of the volumedata
context – [inout] pointer to a cpubasedvolume_2pass_t context struct. In the first pass, this pointer must be NULL. In the second pass, the return value of the first call must be used as context parameter.
 Returns:
a context struct in the first pass, NULL in the second pass.

void gr_inqvpsize(int*, int*, double*)¶

void gr_polygonmesh3d(int, const double*, const double*, const double*, int, const int*, const int*)¶

void gr_volume_nogrid(unsigned long, const data_point3d_t*, const void*, int, kernel_f, double*, double*, double, radius_f)¶
Draws unstructured volume data using splatting, given volume rendering model and currently set GR colormap.
Each data point is only calculated and drawn as far as
radius
/radius_callback
. The used interpolation method can be given usingcallback
callback
is expected to integrate along a given ray for the given data point. For trilinear interpolation, you can usegr_volume_interp_tri_linear
. For interpolation using the multivariate gaussian distribution, you can usegr_volume_interp_gauss
.The supported volume rendering models are:
GR_VOLUME_EMISSION
0
emission model
GR_VOLUME_ABSORPTION
1
absorption model
 Parameters:
ndt_pt – [in] Count of data points (
dt_pts
)dt_pts – [in] The data points to draw
extra_data – [in] Optional extra data, one for each data point if specified
algorithm – [in] Selected algorithm to draw
callback – [in] Callback to use to integrate
dmin_val – [inout] if set, will contain lower bound of pixel intensity
dmax_val – [inout] if set, will contain upper bound of pixel intensity
radius – [in] the calculation radius of each data point in world coordinates
radius_callback – [in] if given, ignores radius and can return the calculation radius per data point

void gr_volume_interp_tri_linear_init(double, double, double)¶
Initializes default parameters for trilinear interpolation.
 Parameters:
grid_x – [in] The extent of density
grid_y – [in] The extent of density
grid_z – [in] The extent of density

void gr_volume_interp_gauss_init(double, double*)¶
Initializes default parameters for interpolation using the gaussian multivariate distribution.
if \(\Sigma\) is the covariance matrice:
 Parameters:
determinant – [in] \(\left\Sigma\right\)
mat – [in] \(\Sigma^{\frac{1}{2}}\)

double gr_volume_interp_tri_linear(const data_point3d_t*, const void*, const point3d_t*, const point3d_t*)¶
Integrates the given ray through a axisaligned trilinear interpolation density.
The parameters of the density are set using either
gr_volume_interp_tri_linear_init
orextra_data
(astri_linear_t
) Parameters:
dt_pt – [in] The data point with associated intensity and optional density parameters
extra_data – [in] Optional extra data for data point
from – [in] Start point of ray
len – [in] The direction and length of ray
 Returns:
The integrated density

double gr_volume_interp_gauss(const data_point3d_t*, const void*, const point3d_t*, const point3d_t*)¶
Integrates the given ray through a gaussian multivariate distribution.
The parameters of the distribution are set using either
gr_volume_interp_gauss_init
orextra_data
(asgauss_t
) Parameters:
dt_pt – [in] The data point with associated intensity and optional distribution parameters
extra_data – [in] Optional extra data for data point
from – [in] Start point of ray
len – [in] The direction and length of ray
 Returns:
The integrated density

void gr_setmathfont(int font)¶

void gr_inqmathfont(int *font)¶

void gr_setclipregion(int region)¶

void gr_inqclipregion(int *region)¶

void gr_settextoffset(double xoff, double yoff)¶

char *gr_ftoa(char *string, double value, format_reference_t *reference)¶

void gr_getformat(format_reference_t *result, double origin, double min, double max, double tick_width, int major)¶

struct vertex_t¶

struct point3d_t¶
 #include <gr.h>
Threedimensional coordinate

struct data_point3d_t¶
 #include <gr.h>
Data point for
gr_volume_nogrid

struct gauss_t¶
 #include <gr.h>
Provides optional extra data for
gr_volume_interp_gauss

struct tri_linear_t¶
 #include <gr.h>
Provides optional extra data for
gr_volume_interp_tri_linear

struct cpubasedvolume_2pass_t¶

struct hexbin_2pass_t¶

struct format_reference_t¶